In Northern Europe, the new technology of the printing press was widely used to publish many arguments, including some that disagreed widely with contemporary ideas of nature. René Descartes and Francis Bacon published philosophical arguments in favor of a new type of non-Aristotelian science. Descartes emphasized individual thought and argued that mathematics rather than geometry should be used in order to study nature. Bacon emphasized the importance of experiment over contemplation. Bacon further questioned the Aristotelian concepts of formal cause and final cause, and promoted the idea that science should study the laws of "simple" natures, such as heat, rather than assuming that there is any specific nature, or " formal cause ," of each complex type of thing. This new modern science began to see itself as describing " laws of nature ". This updated approach to studies in nature was seen as mechanistic . Bacon also argued that science should aim for the first time at practical inventions for the improvement of all human life.
Three studies made with Vipassana meditation in incarcerated populations suggested that it can help reduce alcohol and substance abuse.
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DOI: / 26 Downloads 57 Views Pub. Date: October 27, 2017
This is how diversity works: by promoting hard work and creativity; by encouraging the consideration of alternatives even before any interpersonal interaction takes place. The pain associated with diversity can be thought of as the pain of exercise. You have to push yourself to grow your muscles. The pain, as the old saw goes, produces the gain. In just the same way, we need diversity—in teams, organizations and society as a whole—if we are to change, grow and innovate.
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