Chase and Paca walked a fine line between their mandated loyalty to the Crown and their increasing frustration, both with Parliament and with their British overseers. New anti-British factions arose, challenging the coalition that Chase and Paca had put together, and a radical insurgency movement grew in the Assembly. Although the Tea Act promoted major resistance in the Northern Colonies, Maryland had remained aloof. Responding to pleas from other Colonies, Maryland formed a Committee of Correspondence in October 1773, of which Samuel Chase was appointed as a member; however, the Committee was dormant for almost a year.
Statistical analysis has been undertaken on several occasions to try to ascertain the authorship question based on word frequencies and writing styles. Nearly all of the statistical studies show that the disputed papers were written by Madison, although a computer science study theorizes the papers were a collaborative effort.   
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The Supreme Court of the United States upheld the lower court's decision in favor of the United States. The Court said that Debs had actually planned to discourage people from enlisting in the Armed Forces. The Court refused to grant him protection under the First Amendment freedom of speech clause, stating that Debs "used words [in his speech] with the purpose of obstructing the recruiting service." Debs' conviction under the Espionage Act would stand, because his speech represented a "clear and present danger" to the safety of the United States. (Source - PATCH - See link below)